Growing your own vegetables can be a rewarding and sustainable way to ensure a fresh and healthy food supply. While many vegetables are annuals, requiring replanting each year, there are also a variety of perennial vegetables that can be a great addition to your garden. Perennial vegetables are plants that live for more than two years, and once established, they require less maintenance compared to annuals. In this article, we will explore some of the best perennial vegetables you must grow in 2023.
Asparagus is a well-known and loved perennial vegetable. It is packed with nutrients and can be harvested for up to 20 years once established. Asparagus requires well-drained soil and full sun to thrive. Plant the crowns in early spring and be patient, as it may take a few years before you can harvest them. However, the wait is worth it as fresh, homegrown asparagus is incredibly delicious.
Rhubarb is another popular perennial vegetable that is well-suited for desserts and jams. It prefers cool climates and rich, well-drained soil. Rhubarb can be harvested in the second year after planting, and the stalks should be pulled instead of cut. Remember to never eat the leaves as they are poisonous.
Artichokes are not only delicious but also beautiful plants to have in your garden. They require a sunny spot and well-drained soil. Artichokes can be grown from seeds or transplants, and they are ready for harvest in the second year. Enjoy the tender hearts of the artichokes with a dash of lemon juice or melted butter.
Horseradish is a hardy perennial vegetable that adds a spicy kick to your dishes. It thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. Plant the root cuttings in early spring or fall, and in about a year, you can start harvesting the flavorful roots. Grate the horseradish and mix it with vinegar and a pinch of salt for a homemade condiment.
5. Jerusalem Artichokes
Jerusalem artichokes, also known as sunchokes, are a type of sunflower with edible tubers. They are easy to grow and can produce a bountiful harvest. Plant the tubers in early spring in well-drained soil, and in the fall, you can dig up the tubers for a nutty and sweet addition to your meals.
6. Walking Onions
Walking onions, also called Egyptian onions or tree onions, are unique perennial vegetables. They produce small bulbs at the top of the stalks, which can be replanted to create new plants. The bulbs are edible and have a mild onion flavor. Walking onions are easy to grow and require minimal care.
Kale is a versatile and nutritious perennial vegetable that is gaining popularity. There are different varieties of kale, including curly kale and Tuscan kale. It can withstand cold temperatures and is rich in vitamins and minerals. Plant kale in well-drained soil and provide it with enough sunlight for optimal growth.
Chives are flavorful perennial herbs that can be a great addition to your garden. They have a mild onion taste and can be used in various dishes. Chives require well-drained soil and can be easily propagated by dividing the clumps. Use freshly chopped chives to enhance the flavor of soups, salads, and dips.
Sorrel is a tangy perennial herb that adds a unique flavor to your meals. It is rich in vitamin C and can be used in salads, soups, and sauces. Sorrel prefers partial shade and moist soil. Plant the seeds or transplants in early spring, and in a few months, you can start harvesting the tender leaves.
Adding perennial vegetables to your garden can provide you with a continuous supply of fresh produce year after year. Not only are they low maintenance, but they also offer a variety of flavors and nutritional benefits. Consider growing these perennial vegetables in 2023 and enjoy the rewards of your own homegrown harvest.