Small Chicken Coop Plans: A Beginner's Guide

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Welcome to our blog post on small chicken coop plans! If you’re a beginner looking to start raising chickens in your backyard, you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will provide you with all the information you need to build a small chicken coop that is practical, functional, and space-efficient. We understand that not everyone has a large area to dedicate to their feathered friends, so we have compiled some expert tips and guidelines to help you get started.

Why Choose a Small Chicken Coop?

There are several reasons why opting for a small chicken coop is a great idea. Firstly, it is more cost-effective, as you will require fewer materials to build it. Additionally, a small coop requires less maintenance and is easier to clean. Moreover, if you have limited space in your backyard, a small chicken coop can fit perfectly, allowing you to maximize the available area without compromising on the well-being of your chickens.

Factors to Consider Before Building

1. Size

Before you start building your small chicken coop, you need to determine the appropriate size for your flock. As a general rule of thumb, each chicken requires 4 square feet of space inside the coop. Therefore, if you plan to have 4 chickens, your coop should be at least 16 square feet. However, providing a bit more space is always better for the chickens’ comfort and well-being.

2. Location

Choosing the right location for your small chicken coop is crucial. It should be placed in an area that is well-drained, away from direct sunlight, and protected from strong winds. Additionally, make sure it is easily accessible for cleaning and feeding purposes.

3. Materials

When it comes to materials, opt for sturdy and durable ones that can withstand various weather conditions. Common choices include wood, PVC pipes, and wire mesh. Ensure that the materials you choose are safe for your chickens and provide adequate insulation.

Building Your Small Chicken Coop

Now that you have considered all the necessary factors, it’s time to start building your small chicken coop. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you through the process:

1. Design and Planning

Begin by designing your chicken coop on paper or using a computer software. Consider the number of chickens you plan to have, the dimensions, and the layout. This will give you a clear idea of how to proceed with the construction process.

2. Gathering Materials

Once you have finalized your design, make a list of all the materials you will need. This may include wood, screws, nails, wire mesh, and insulation material. Gather all the necessary supplies before starting the construction to avoid delays.

3. Construction

Start by building the frame of the coop using the wooden planks. Ensure that it is sturdy and well-supported. Then, attach the wire mesh to the frame to provide ventilation and security. Finally, add the roof and doors, making sure they are properly sealed to protect your chickens from predators and harsh weather conditions.

Maintaining Your Small Chicken Coop

Once your small chicken coop is built, it’s important to maintain it regularly to ensure the health and happiness of your flock. Here are some tips for proper coop maintenance:

1. Cleaning

Regularly clean the coop to remove droppings, dust, and debris. This will prevent the buildup of bacteria and parasites. Use a mild detergent and water to clean the surfaces, and ensure proper ventilation during the cleaning process.

2. Bedding

Provide clean and comfortable bedding for your chickens. Straw, wood shavings, or shredded paper can make excellent choices. Replace the bedding regularly to maintain hygiene and prevent the growth of bacteria.

3. Pest Control

Implement measures to control pests such as rats, mice, and flies. Seal any gaps or openings in the coop to prevent their entry, and use appropriate pest control methods to keep them at bay.


Building a small chicken coop can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. By considering the size, location, and materials, you can create a cozy and functional space for your feathered friends. Remember to follow the step-by-step guide and maintain your coop regularly for optimal results. Happy chicken raising!

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